Question: Which Is The Best Definition For Cantata?

What is a cantata quizlet?

What is a cantata.

An often dramatic musical work for solo voice or choir with instrumental accompaniment (like a small orchestra).

Similar to an opera but shorter and has no costumes, stage props, or acting.

Cantatas can be sacred or secular.

True..

What are the features of a cantata?

The term ‘cantata’, invented in Italy in the 17th century, refers to a piece of music written for voice or voices and instruments. It applies broadly to works for solo voice, multiple soloists, vocal ensemble, and with instrumental accompaniment of keyboard or instrumental ensemble.

What is atonal music quizlet?

Atonal. Also called nontonal; contains pitches, but melodies and harmonies are carefully constructed to avoid creating tonal centers or home keys. Atonal Harmony. Three or four tones from a tone-row sounded simultaneously to produce chords.

What is a cantata service?

A church cantata or sacred cantata is a cantata intended to be performed during a liturgical service. The liturgical calendar of the German Reformation era had, without counting Reformation Day and days between Palm Sunday and Easter, 72 occasions for which a cantata could be presented.

Does oratorio have acting?

In an oratorio the choir often plays a central role, and there is generally little or no interaction between the characters, and no props or elaborate costumes.

What were Bach’s works as a musician?

He played the violin and often bought musical scores while traveling abroad. While at Cöthen, Bach devoted much of his time to instrumental music, composing concertos for orchestras, dance suites and sonatas for multiple instruments. He also wrote pieces for solo instruments, including some of his finest violin works.

What is an oratorio quizlet?

Terms in this set (4) oratorio. large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra; usually set to a narrative text; no acting, scenery, or costumes; based on religious stories, but not intended for church services.

What are the two most common types of song found in opera?

Traditional opera, often referred to as “number opera”, consists of two modes of singing: recitative, the plot-driving passages sung in a style designed to imitate and emphasize the inflections of speech, and aria (an “air” or formal song) in which the characters express their emotions in a more structured melodic …

What are the characteristics of an oratorio?

Oratorio, a large-scale musical composition on a sacred or semisacred subject, for solo voices, chorus, and orchestra. An oratorio’s text is usually based on scripture, and the narration necessary to move from scene to scene is supplied by recitatives sung by various voices to prepare the way for airs and choruses.

What is the definition of a cantata?

Cantata, (from Italian cantare, “to sing”), originally, a musical composition intended to be sung, as opposed to a sonata, a composition played instrumentally; now, loosely, any work for voices and instruments.

What is the difference between a cantata and an opera?

An opera is intended to be acted out, as a play in which all of the dialogue is sung rather than spoken. A cantata, on the other hand, is also a drama, but is more like a story set to music and sung.

What era is cantata?

Cantata (It.; Fr. At first, from the 1620s in Italy, it was a modest form, but at its most typical it consists (notably in Italy in the later 17th century) of a succession of contrasting sections which by the early 18th century became independent movements, normally two arias, each preceded by a recitative.

What does the word baroque mean?

Adjective. Baroque came to English from a French word meaning “irregularly shaped.” At first, the word in French was used mostly to refer to pearls. Eventually, it came to describe an extravagant style of art characterized by curving lines, gilt, and gold.

What is the meaning of Christmas cantata?

A Christmas cantata or Nativity cantata is a cantata, music for voice or voices in several movements, for Christmas. The importance of the feast inspired many composers to write cantatas for the occasion, some designed to be performed in church services, others for concert or secular celebration.

Who wrote cantatas?

Johann Sebastian BachJohann Sebastian Bach is perhaps the most prominent and prolific composer of cantatas. At his most productive, he was composing one cantata every week for eight years. Bach wrote both secular and sacred cantatas and developed what is known as “chorale cantata”.

Is cantata staged?

The Cantata. The cantata was also developed in Rome and spread from there to the rest of Europe. Like the oratorio, it was sung but not staged, but it used any sort of theme and any number of voices, from one to many; for example, a secular cantata for two voices might use a man and a woman and have a romantic theme.

What is difference between cantata and oratorio?

Cantatas are usually much shorter in length. 2. Oratorios are usually more dramatic. … Cantatas were usually performed in religious settings (such as part of a service or special church events), compared to Oratorios were performed in concert setting.

Is chant secular or sacred?

Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin (and occasionally Greek) of the Roman Catholic Church. Gregorian chant developed mainly in western and central Europe during the 9th and 10th centuries, with later additions and redactions.